Persian Numbers and Numerals, 0-10

For higher numbers, see here.

Persian takes its numbering system from the Eastern Arabic numerals (or “Indian numerals” in Arabic) but retains its own names for the numbers apart from zero. The table below shows names and numerals for the numbers from 0-10 (teens will have to wait for another time).

English name

Western Arabic numeral

Persian numeral

Persian name

Persian name transliterated

zero

0

۰

صِفْر

ṣifr (“sefr”)

one

1

۱

یِک

yik (“yek”)

two

2

۲

دو

du (like “doh”)

three

3

۳

سه

sah (“se”)

four

4

۴ (variant: ٤)

چِهار

chiḥār (“che-haar”)

five

5

۵

پَنج

panj

six

6

۶ (variant: ٦)

شِش

shish (“shesh”)

seven

7

۷

هَفت

haft

eight

8

۸

هَشت

hasht

nine

9

۹

نَو

nau (“nou”)

ten

10

۱۰

دَه

dah

Note the possible variant digits for 4 and 6. The forms in parentheses are the Arabic forms, but they may be encountered in Persian writing as well.

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3 thoughts on “Persian Numbers and Numerals, 0-10

  1. Pingback: Turkish Numbers and Ottoman Numerals, 0-10 | Turkish Word a Day
  2. Pingback: Persian Numbers III: 11-1000 | Persian Word a Day
  3. Pingback: Turkish Numbers and Ottoman Numerals, 0-10 | Turkish Word a Day

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