Persian numbers II: the ordinals

Now that we’ve learned the cardinal numbers, we can also learn their ordinal forms. Ordinal numbers deal with identifying things in order in a sequence, as in the English “first, second, third, fourth,” and so on. Persian has two forms of the ordinal, one that is placed after the noun it modifies, just like any other adjective, and another that is placed before the noun. To make the second form, you just add an “-īn” (“een”) ending to the first form. Below are the ordinals from “first” through “tenth”:

First  = یِکُم (yikum, “ye-kom”); یِکُمین (yikumīn) OR اوَّل (avval, “av-val”); اوّلین (avvalīn)

Second = دُوُّم (duvvum, “dov-vom”); دُوُّمین (duvvumīn)

Third = سِوُّم (sivvum, “sev-vom”); سِوُّمین (sivvumīn)

Fourth = چِحارُم (chiḥārum, “chehaa-rom”); چِحارُمین (chiḥārumīn)

(May be SPOKEN as “chaa-rom”)

Fifth = پَنجُم (panjum, “pan-jom”); پَنجُمین (panjumīn)

Sixth = شِشُم (shishum, “shesh-om”); شِشُمین (shishumīn)

Seventh = هَفتُم (haftum, “haf-tom”); هَفتُمین (haftumīn)

Eighth = هَشتُم (hashtum, “hash-tom”); هَشتُمین (hashtumīn)

Ninth = نُهُم (nuhum, “no-hom”); نُهُمین (nuhumīn)

Tenth = دَهُم (dahum, “da-hom”); دَهُمین (dahumīn)

2 thoughts on “Persian numbers II: the ordinals

  1. why do persians use ‘e’ for the short ‘i’ sound as in ‘pit’?
    and ‘o’ for the short ‘u’ sound as in ‘put’?
    so moslem = muslim; eslam = islam.

    • Persian was its own language for a very long time before the Arabs came through. Persians adapted their vowel sounds to Arabic script as best they could.

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