Parts of the body, part 2: the stuff on the inside

If you’re looking for the parts on the outside, try here.

  • Brain: مَغز (maghz) or مُخ (mukhkh)
  • Skull: جَمجَمه (jamjamah) or کاسهٔ سَر (kāsah-i sar)
  • Tooth: دَندان (dandān, plural دَندانها dandān-hā) or دَندانه (dandānah, also can mean inanimate objects, like the tooth of a comb or saw)
  • Spine: سُتونِ فَقار (sutūn-i faqār)
  • Vertebra: فَقار (faqār)
  • Throat: گُلو (gulū, possibly galū) or حَلق (ḥalq)
  • Heart: دِل (dil) or قَلب (qalb)
  • Lung: شُش (shush, pl. شُشها (shush-hā)
  • Liver: کَبد (kabd) or جِگَر (jigar); both of these can (archaically) also mean “heart,” but this may (I stress may; I’m going on very limited personal experience here) reflect an older literary style that used “liver” in some of the metaphorical/illustrative contexts in which we would use “heart” today
  • Ribs: دَنده‌ها (dandah-hā); one rib is دَنده‌ (dandah)
  • Stomach: مِعده (miʿdah)
  • Intestines: روده (rūdah) or مِعاء (miʿāʾ)
    • Small intestine: رودهٔ کوچَک (rūdah-i kūchak), رودهٔ باریک (rūdah-i bārīk) or مِعاءِ دُقاق (miʿāʾ-i duqāq)
    • Large intestine: رودهٔ بُزُرگ (rūdah-i buzurg), رودهٔ فَراخ (rūdah-i farākh) or مِعاءِ غِلاظ (miʿāʾ-i ghilāẓ)
  • Kidney: کُلیه (kulyah), pl. کُلیه‌ها (kulyah-hā)
  • Bladder: مَثانه (mas̱ānah)
  • Muscle: عَضَله (ʿażalah)
  • Bone: استُخوان (ustukhwān, but the و is silent so it’s pronounced “os-to-khaan”) or عَظم (ʿaẓm)
  • Cartilage: غُضروف (ghużrūf)
  • Blood: خون (khūn)
  • Blood vessel: رَگ (rag)
    • Artery: سُرخرَگ (surkh-rag, “red vessel”) or شِريان (shiryān)
    • Vein: سیاهرَگ (siyāh-rag, “black vessel”) or وَرید (varīd)
  • Nerves: عَصَب (ʿaṣab)