Colors: رنگها

NOTE: In many cases you could find Arabic words being used that I may not have listed. You will find them here. Looking for other shades? Ask in the comments!

Color: رنگ (rang)

Light (modifier, after the color name): رُوشَن (ruwshan, “row-shan”)

Dark (modifier, after the color name): تیره (tīrah)

Red: قِرمِز (qirmiz), سُرخ (surkh)

  • Burgundy: شرابی رنگ (sharābī-rang, “wine-colored”; could be shortened to شرابی)
  • Crimson: قرمز سیر (qirmiz-i sīr, “deep red”)
  • Maroon: شاه بلوط اروپائی (shāh-i bulūṭ-i urūpāʾī, “European chestnut”)
  • Rose: رنگ گلی (rang-i gulī, “color of rose”; NOTE: گل means “rose” but it can also mean “flower” in general)
  • Ruby: یاقوتی (yāqūtī)
  • Scarlet: سُرخ (surkh)

Orange: نارَنجی (nāranjī), پُرتُقالی (purtuqālī)

  • Amber: کُربا رنگ (kahrubā-rang), کهربائی (kahrubāʾī)
  • Vermilion: شنگرف (shangarf)

Yellow: زَرد (zard)

  • Gold: رنگ زرد طلائی (rang-i zard-i ṭalāʾī, “golden yellow color”)
  • Mustard: رنگ خردل (rang-i khardal, “mustard color”)

Green: سَبز (sabz)

  • Lime: سبز لیمویی (sabz-i līmūnī)
  • Olive: سبز زیتونی (sabz-i zaytūnī)

Blue: آبی (ābī)

  • Azure: لاجوردی (lājūrdī)
  • Sapphire: کبودی (kabūdī)
  • Teal: آبی سیر (ābīyi sīr)
  • Turquoise: فیروزه (fīrūzah)

Indigo: نیلی (nīlī)

Purple: ارغُوانی (arghuvānī), زِرِشکی (zirishkī)

  • Violet: بنفش (bunafsh)

Pink: صورَتی (ṣūratī)

  • Puce: آلوبالوئی (ālūbālūʾī)

Black: سیاه (siyāh)

White: سَفید (safīd)

  • Beige: بژ (bazh)

Gray (grey): خاکِستَری (khākistarī)

  • Silver: رنگ نقره‌ای (rang-i nuqraʾī)

Brown: قَهوه‌ای (qahvaʾī, “coffee-colored”)

  • Chestnut: شاه بلوط (shāh-i bulūṭ)
  • Tan: برنزه (birunzah, “bronze”)

You can also talk about most of the “in-between” shades by using the word مائل (māʾil), which has many meanings but in this case means “inclined” (or maybe “shaded” in a less literal sense), plus the preposition به (bih), which here means “to” or “toward.” So, for example:

  • “Tan” could be قَهوه‌ای مائل به زرد (qahvaʾī māʾil bih zard, literally “brown shaded toward yellow”)
  • “Taupe” is خاکِستَری مائل به قَهوه‌ای (khākistarī māʾil bih qahvaʾī, “gray shaded toward brown”)
  • “Auburn” is قَهوه‌ای مائل به قرمز (qahvaʾī māʾil bih qirmiz, “brown shaded toward red”)
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