Hajj and pilgrimage vocabulary

حج مبارك
With the beginning of the Hajj today, it’s the ideal time to rerun this post on Hajj and pilgrimage vocabulary that I wrote last year.

Persian Word a Day

The Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca that every Muslim who is able is required to undertake at least once in their lives, begins this weekend, and I have written a length piece about it over there. I won’t repeat all the details about the Hajj here, just some of the vocabulary, which is largely unchanged from the Arabic.

  • Hajj: حَج (ḥajj)
  • Pilgrimage (Persian): زِیارَت (ziyārat, from the Arabic for “visit”)
  • Umrah (the lesser pilgrimage to Mecca that can be undertaken any time of the year): عُمره (ʿumrah)
  • Ihram, the state of ritual purity required of all pilgrims: اِحرام (iḥrām)
  • The Mosque of the Holy Place, or Masjid-i Haram, the mosque in Mecca: مَسجِدِ حَرام (masjid-i ḥarām)
  • The Kaaba, the black cube-shaped structure at the heart of the Masjid-i Haram: کَعبه (kaʿbah)
  • Tawaf, the ritual circumnabulation of…

View original post 67 more words

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