Vegetables: سبزیجان

Back to food, let’s get healthy and talk vegetables.

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“Vegetables” is سَبزیجان (sabzījān), singular سَبزی (sabzī), which comes from the word سبز, “green.”

  • artichoke: کنگر فَرَنگی (kangar farangī) or انگِنار (inginār)
  • asparagus: مارچوبه (mārchūbah)
  • avocado: آوُکادو (āvukādū)
  • beets: چُغُندُر (chughundur)
  • broccoli: بروكلی (brūkulī)
  • cabbage: کَلَم (kalam)
  • carrot: هاوچ (hāvuch)
  • cauliflower: گُل کَلَم (gul kalam, “cabbage flower”)
  • celery: کَرَفس (karafs)
  • chicory (catchall for things like endive and radicchio): کاسَنی (kāsanī)
  • cucumber: خیار (khiyār)
  • eggplant: بادَمجان (bādamjān)
  • garlic: سیر (sīr)
  • kale: کَلَم پیچ (kalam pīch, “twisty cabbage”)
  • leeks: تَره فَرَنگی (tarah farangī)
  • lettuce: کاهو (kāhū)
  • mushroom: قارچ (qārch)
  • okra: بامیه (bāmīyah)
  • onion: پِیاز (piyāz)
  • parsnip: هاوچ وَحشی (hāvuch waḥshī, “wild carrot”)
  • peas: نُخود فَرَنگی (nukhūd farangī)
  • pepper (red, green): فِلفِل (filfil)

    • green pepper: فلفل سَبز (filfil sabz)
    • red pepper: فلفل قِرمِز (filfil qirmiz)
    • yellow pepper: فلفل زَرد (filfil zard)
  • potato: سیب زَمینی (sīb zamīnī, literally “ground apple,” a calque on the French pomme de terre)
  • pumpkin: کَدو تَنبَل (kadū tanbal, pronounced “ka-doo-tam-bal” and meaning literally “lazy gourd”)
  • radish: تُرُبچه (turubchah)
  • spinach: اسفِناج (isfināj)
  • string beans: لوبیا (lūbiyā)
  • squash: کَدو (kadū, also “gourd”) or اسکواش (iskwash)
  • sweet potato/yam: سیب زَمینی شیرین (sīb zamīnī-yi shīrīn)
  • tomato: گوجه فَرَنگی (gūjah farangī, literally “Frankish/European plum”)
  • turnip: شَلغَم (shalgham)
  • zucchini: کَدو سَبز (kadū sabz, “green squash”)
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