هوا (weather)

Let’s look at some basic weather-related vocabulary, shall we?

  • weather: هوا (havā) — this also means “air” or “atmosphere”

    • sun: آفتاب (āftāb) or خورشید (khūrshīd), though the latter is more symbolic; “sunny” is آفتابی (āftābī)
    • clouds: ابرها (abrhā), a single cloud is ابر (abr)
    • rain: باران (bārān); “rainy” is بارانی (bārānī)
    • fog: مه (mah); “foggy” is مه آلود (mah ālūd)
    • snow: برف (barf — yes, “barf”); “snowy” is برفی (barfī)
    • hail: تگرگ (tagarg)
    • wind: باد (bād) OR طوفان (ṭūfān); “windy” is طوفانی (ṭūfānī)
    • breeze: نسیم (nasīm)
    • gust: تند باد (tund bād) — “fast wind”
  • temperature: درجه حرارت (darajah-yi ḥarārat), “degree of heat”

    • cold: سرد (sard)
    • cool: خنک (khunuk)
    • hot/warm: گرم (garm)
  • humidity: رطوبت (ruṭūbat)

    • humid: مرطوب (murṭūb)
    • dry: خشک (khashk)

“How’s the weather?”: هوا چطور است (havā chiṭūr ast)

“It’s sunny”: هوا آفتابیست (havā āftābīst) or simply آفتابی (āftābī); change accordingly

“It’s raining”: بارانیست (bārānīst) — “it’s rainy” — OR می‌ بارد (mī bārad) OR باران می آید (bārān mī āyad) — “rain is coming”

“It’s snowing”: برف می‌ بارد (barf mī bārad)

“It’s cold today”: امروز هوا سرد است (imrūz havā sard ast) or simply امروز سرد است (imrūz sard ast)

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One thought on “هوا (weather)

  1. Pingback: Severe weather and natural disasters | Persian Word a Day

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